Fundación Chinquihue: R & d applied as a contribution for the development of small-scale fishing in the South of Chile

2016-09-28The Lakes Region, located in the South of Chile, ES, If not the first, an of the main suppliers of the country and exporting of products of the sea. According to the latest data from the National Institute of statistics (INE) for the July-September quarter of 2014 exports amounted to USD 1105 million per production in farms, landing craft and landing industrial. In addition, According to data from CORFO, almost the 100% the Miticultora industry is in this Region. Is by this that the sector aquaculture-fishing is transformed in a sector strategic of production, with specific policies of subsidies.

As a complement to the political public, they exist in the area research centers devoted to this matter or have areas dedicated to research in aquaculture. An of these entities is Fundación Chinquihue, Organization private without aims of profit, and with whom CREATECH cooperated recently. Located in the Bay of Chincui, near Puerto Montt, its aim is to "promote the development of the artisanal fisheries sector enabling the improvement of the socio-economic situation of fishermen and encouraging the free functioning of markets for products from the Region". This made it through their areas of Services, associated with its fisheries complex and environmental studies; Development, focus on research, presentation and operation of projects enabling the transfer of technology to the artisanal fisheries sector and aquaculture, especially for small scale; and Training in different areas to fishermen, aquaculturists and to their families.

CREATECH spoke with Viviana Videla, Head of the Foundation's Hatchery, who told us about this and one of the projects in which they are working.

In relation to the Foundation told us this was born in 1989, Thanks to a donation from the Government of Japan. The first idea was to build a fishing terminal with the Japanese model, However as in Chile not working under that model, It was decided to reinvent the Foundation. This resulted in that, After studies and sector analysis, to encourage the development of artisanal fisheries subsector, the focus should be on aquaculture of small and medium-scale resources associated to the seabed. In this way the year 1995 implements a hatchery in Fundación Chinquihue for the production of juveniles of different benthic resources, as Chilean and Japanese oyster, Oyster North and abalone and starting from the year 2012 He started to work in Chilean Mussel via hatchery.

The project he said Viviana, It focused initially on the cultivation of seeds of Chilean Mussel, starting with Hatchery larvae, that are then grown up to juvenile or seed by artisanal fishermen, thinking that the Chilean Mussel is the 2nd largest export product after salmon.

However between 2009 and 2010 There was a drop in natural seed production, by what is proposed to produce seed in hatchery. For this it reviewed costs and interest of the market in this product. In 2012 is the first project with Regional support, However the economic assessment was negative due to the high costs of production. Despite this, in words of Viviana "it is presented as an alternative when the natural catchment does not reach. Since if there is no natural catchment can not do anything, If there are no seeds no security for the industry".

This that is why in 2014 continued with the investigation giving a small twist, funded through the award of the subsidy "Applied r & d" line 2 CORFO. This new phase consisted of that, as currently produce seed at hatchery is expensive, seeks adult production through the production of larvae in hatchery which are subsequently attached to the density of feedlots, without requiring management or unfold, ensuring the survival of these. And while the economic evaluation of the project, received at the end of August this year, was also negative, values decreased in the first project relationship, even being different in the first project was seed and products in the second, adults. For Viviana this is positive since "This indicates that the idea could work if it continues. As the tests are made at low level more expensive is the economic evaluation, but technically the results were positive ", so you intend to continue with the research.

In the near future of this project, According to what he told us Viviana, In addition to funding, will seek to increase the scale to lower costs of production in Hatchery and experience in new areas of research that emerged after all studies carried out.

One of these studies was a Market & IP Assesment, by CREATECH. This cooperation Viviana emphasizes the realization of "a pretty professional job, "complying with all those deadlines established".

Finally the researcher delivered some keys to direct research towards success. Viviana emphasizes that first "the difference of the Foundation with other institutions of applied research is that alliances and agreements with industry generated. "For example our research was born of the interest of those companies that require of this technology". Adds that "is necessary to maintain the communication with who will make use of the technology". Relationship with the environment is essential, Since but such investigations are in a book or paper.

A second key is perseverance, because for example in his case even though economic evaluations have not been entirely favourable she considers that it has been a success since "thanks to the development of the technique of Mussel production costs fell in relation to the previous assessment".


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